Milk has been a component of human nourishment in various ways since ancient times, and it has a long and illustrious existence. Around 10,000 BC, the ‘agricultural revolution’ changed the entire structure of ancient cultures, transforming nomadic tribes into well-established farming settlements. The creation of tamed animals followed this remarkable change. People’s desire to use animal by-products such as milk, meat, and other items has also increased. Milk and other dairy products became a valuable commodity soon after, initially reserved for nobility, the privileged, and monks. Cows, sheep, and goats produced the most popular types of milk at the time. However, as years moved on, a variety of different milks were found and manufactured.
1 Whole Milk
This is also termed as ‘regular’ milk because it has roughly 3.5 percent fat. The proportion of fat in the body is usually between 3.25 and 3.5 percent. The term “whole” milk comes from the fact that it is purer than most other forms of milk and has a higher fat content. Whole milk is thick, creamy, and rich, and it goes great with a dish of porridge for breakfast. In terms of calories, an eight-ounce glass of whole milk contains approximately 150 calories and 8 grams of fat on average.
2 Raw Milk
This is commonly referred to as “unpasteurized” or “homogenised” milk. This means that dairy farmers do not heat raw milk in order to make it safe to drink. Buffalos, sheep, camels, cows, and goats are only few of the species that produce it. Raw milk is not pasteurised, which presents numerous health issues, the most serious of which is that it may contain hazardous germs, bacteria, and viruses that can harm your health.
3 Almond Milk
Almond milk is a prominent plant-based milk with a delicate natural sweetness and a thick, creamy mouthfeel. It’s a dairy-free milk made by roasting almonds and then grinding them with water until a well-blended mixture forms. The end result is a rich milk with a lovely nutty flavour and a thick, creamy texture.
4 Evaporated Milk
The technique of slowly simmering the milk heated produces an extremely thick, rich, and creamy end product with a subtle, caramel-like flavour. Many refer to evaporated milk as “the best of all worlds” because it has a low fat level yet still has a creamy texture. This makes it a popular cream substitute in dishes that call for a large amount of cream as one of the major ingredients.
5 Coconut Milk
Coconut milk differs from coconut water in that it is made from the white flesh of mature brown coconuts. Coconut milk is made by mixing coconut flesh with water, therefore it has a 50 percent water content. This milk is classified into two groups based on its consistency: thick and thin.
6 Organic Milk
Organic milk is produced by dairy farmers who use only organic pesticides and fertilisers, and it comes from cows that aren’t given additional hormones. This milk has three distinct qualities that set it apart from other varieties of milk. First, it comes from cows who eat 30% of their diet from pasture; second, these cows aren’t administered antibiotics; and third, they aren’t given any reproduction or growth hormones.
7 Full Cream Milk
Full cream milk has the highest fat percentage, giving it the creamiest taste and texture when compared to other varieties of milk with a lower fat percentage. The term ‘full cream milk’ is also applied to milk with the same fat content as whole milk, a trait that distinguishes the two types of milk.
8 Ultra-Filtered Milk
This milk is also referred as ‘diafiltered milk,’ and it is normally made by passing milk through a thin, membrane pores that separates the milk’s contents. This method is based on the same technology used to remove pollutants from water. Filtration permits the finished product to contain more calcium and protein while containing less sugar and lactose.
9 Toned Milk
Toned milk, also known as single toned milk, is made by mixing whole milk with skimmed milk powder and water. It has roughly 3.0% fat, and toned milk prevents the body from absorbing too much fat from the milk. Toned milk has the same nutritional value as whole milk but is devoid of fat-soluble vitamins. A glass of toned milk has about 120 calories in it.
10 Rice Milk
Rice milk has a creamy, medium-sweet flavour that is highly pleasing to the palate. Rather than additional sugar, the milk’s natural sweetness comes from the rice grain itself. It is good for lactose-intolerant individuals and those who have a strong predisposition to be allergic to milk because it is lactose-free and has very few allergens.
11 2% Milk
This milk is also known to as “reduced-fat,” which simply means that the fat level in this milk is less than 2% of the total weight of the milk. It is not as rich as whole milk and has a slight but not overpowering flavour. It’s thought to be a good source of calcium, vitamin D, and other important nutrients.
12 Flavored Milk
This is a very widely used form of milk among children and toddlers. It is defined as a sweetened dairy beverage made up of milk, sugar, and organic or inorganic food colorings. Chocolate milk is the most popular flavoured milk, but there are many more options, such as fruity milk, mango milk, and many others.
13 Sweetened Condensed Milk
Because the water from cow’s milk is removed to produce sweetened condensed milk, this is quite similar to evaporated milk. The procedure of eliminating the water results in a beverage that is highly dense and creamy. Although it is a sort of milk, the taste, texture, and consistency are substantially different from conventional variants. It has a sweeter flavour, a deeper hue, and a thick, creamy texture and consistency.
14 Hemp Milk
Hemp milk is a great option for those looking for a healthy choice to cow milk. It’s a delicious vegan milk made from hemp seeds that have been crushed and soaked in water. After that, the combination is fully blended, yielding a wonderful hemp milk with a thick, creamy consistency and a nutty, earthy flavour.
Buttermilk is frequently misunderstood because many people believe it to be a type of high-fat, buttery milk, which it is not. In reality, it’s simply a fermented milk product made from the leftover liquid from churned butter made from cultured or fermented cream.
16 Skimmed Milk (Fat-Free Milk)
Skimmed milk, commonly known as ‘fat-free milk,’ is a preferred milk choice among dieters and health-conscious individuals. The only reason for this is that skimmed milk contains no fat. This milk is much thinner than other varieties of milk due to the lack of fat.
17 Soy Milk
This milk is made by soaking dry soybeans in water and thoroughly crushing them. Soy milk is a type of plant-based milk that has all of the necessary elements. It is quite popular among vegans and vegetarians since it contains a lot of calcium and soy proteins.
18 Oat Milk
Oat milk is ideal for persons with dietary limitations because it is vegan, lactose-free, soy-free, and nut-free. The presence of beta-glucans in milk makes it extremely beneficial to your cardiovascular health and allows you to keep your cholesterol levels in check. It’s abundant in calcium and vitamin D, so it’s great for strong, healthy bones and lowering your risk of osteoporosis.
19 Lactose-Free Milk
Lactose-free milk, as the name implies, is milk that has had the lactose eradicated, making it a perfect option for lactose-intolerant persons. Lactose is a form of natural sugar found in milk that many people cannot digest to the point that even a single glass can cause digestive issues such as diarrhoea and vomiting.
20 Low Fat Milk
Low-fat milk is frequently confused with reduced-fat milk, but the two are not interchangeable. While the latter has a fat content of 2%, low-fat milk has a fat content of 1%. This sort of milk is good for weight watchers due to its extremely low fat content. This is also because drinking low-fat milk reduces saturated fat intake, which helps to keep cholesterol levels in check.