Oranges have a lot of nutritional value and apart from being consumed raw, they are used in a wide variety of salads, juices, and desserts. Around the world, there are 600 individual varieties, but this list shows the 20 most popular varieties grown.
Read on to know more:
1 Valencia Oranges
Valencia oranges are known as the oranges that are used in orange juice. They can also be eaten raw. These oranges have thin skins and are very juicy with few seeds. The name ‘Valencia’ was named after the Spanish city of Valencia, which remains an important citrus crop even today. Their season is from February to October.
2 Navel Oranges
Navel Oranges are a common variety of oranges found in the United States. They are seedless and sweet having a thick skin. They are different from other varieties as they have a characteristic dimple on the end which resembles a human navel. These oranges are propagated by the use of cuttings.
3 Satsuma Oranges
Satsuma oranges are a variety of small mandarin oranges that are easy to peel and seedless. They are a hard variety of citrus fruits that growin the Gulf Coast in the United States to California. They remain in the season from November to January.
4 Clementine Oranges
Clementine Oranges are small oranges having a sweet flavour. They are perfect for snacks as they are seedless. They are also used in fruit displays. They have a short growing season from November to January.
5 Pineapple Oranges
Pineapple oranges are a sweet variety that is seeded. They are an excellent orange but are not cultivated due to its susceptibility to diseases and fruit drop in pre-harvest season. It gets its name from the tendency of the peel to crease with pineapple like pits.
6 Mandarin Oranges
Mandarin oranges are a type of tangerine variety that is mild, sweet, and small. They have a growing season from January to May. Today, they are sold in cans and jars.
7 Blood Oranges
Blood oranges have a deep red color inside with a bit of red on their skins. They have originated from Italy and are grown in California. It is found in many varieties that are sweet and small, often used as fruit to show off their color. The carotene which gives it a deep red colour acts as a powerful antioxidant.
8 Seville Oranges
Seville oranges are used to make marmalade and used as salad dressings, cocktails, and cooking as they are sour. They are small and have a short season from December to January.
9 Hamlin Oranges
Hamlins are a cold tolerant variety of oranges that are sweet and grown in Florida. Their rind is thin andis juicy and seedless which makes them a great variety for juices.
10 Jaffa Oranges
Jaffa Oranges have a thick skin which are juicy and sweet that contains very few seeds. The variety is named so as it was originated in Jaffa, a city in Israel. It is not cultivated outside that country.
11 Cara Cara Oranges
Cara Cara oranges are a variety of Naval oranges which makes them similar in appearance. The inside is different as it has a pinkish red color. They can be consumed raw but taste better when used in salads because of their bitter taste. Their growing season is from December to April.
12 Bahianinha Oranges
Bahianinha has a smaller and thinner rind as compared to the Navel variety. It is dimpled and easy to peel. The orange pulp has a sweet flavor and seedless which makes it a popular orange variety.
13 Moro Tarocco Oranges
Moro Tarocco is the finest variety of orange originating from Italy. It is considered one of the best of the Mediterranean fruit, having a perfect balance between acidity and sweetness. It is seedless and medium-sized having a rich, juicy, raspberry flavor which makes it excellent for cooking and juicing. Its color is the result of a pigment called anthicarpium which is common in red flowers and fruits.
14 Parson Brown Oranges
Parson Brown is an orange variety named after the Reverend N.L. Brown of Wester, Florida. He discovered the chance seedling in his grove. The fruit is seedy inspite of its small size, but it is recognized for its pebbly orange rind and yellow pulp which has low acidity and sugar. It tastes best in dishes that call for citrus.
15 Pera Oranges
Pera is a popular variety from Brazil having a rough and tough texture and light orange color. It is difficult to eat because it is firm. It lacks richness although the juice is plentiful and rich. It is a small, oval fruit having mang seeds and ten segments.
16 Bergamot Oranges
Bergamot Oranges are a rare variety that is bitter grown in Sicily and Calabria. They are used for making fragrant oil in perfumery, and also as a flavor in Earl Grey Tea. This variety is inedible, but its peel can be used to make marmalade and candy. The peel is highly-scented due to which only a small amount js required to flavour confections and puddings.
17 Bigaradier Apepu Oranges
BigaradierApepu has a medium and thick orange rind with twelve segments and many seeds. Its flavor is like a combination of lime and orange.
18 Bittersweet Daidai Oranges
Bittersweet Daidai is a Spanish variety of sour orange. It has clusters of fruits having many seeds enclosed in the thick orange rind. The fruit is bitter and acidic, which makes it difficult to be consumed raw. It is mainly used to make marmalades, essential oils, and juices. It is grown in Japan and areas of Florida’s Indian River. The acid and pectin levels make it ideal for preserving.
19 Gou Tou Oranges
Gou Tou is an orange variety from China. It has many characteristics of the grapefruit, including its yellow skin. The fruit has a thick rind and large seeds. The juice tastes like lime. According to some researchers, this variety may become a disease-resistant rootstock.
20 Chinotto Oranges
Chinotto oranges have a golden orange rind with deep orange flesh. It is an important variety used in the making of candies. These fruits grow in clusters and have many large seeds.