Top 20 Indian Varieties of Mangoes

4221
Top 20 Indian Varieties of Mangoes

Mango is called the king of fruits. Also, India accounts for 56% of the world’s total production of mangoes having more than thousands of varieties. From North to South and East to West, mangoes are popular in every state and region. From Alphonso to Dussheri, Neelum to Kesar, each variety is found here irrespective of the region. They come with distinct flavor, texture, and sweetness; shaped by the texture of the soil and climate of the region in which it is grown.

Have a look at the 20 most popular varieties found in India and loved by all:

1 Amrapali

Amrapali was introduced in the year 1971. It was developed as a hybrid variety between Dussheri and Neelam. It is available in June and has become highly popular.

amrapali

2 Langra

Langra means a disabled person who can’t walk properly. It remains a mystery why this mango is called by its name. It was named after a lame owner who noticed a variety of mangoes growing in his background. It is a fibrous mango popular in West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, and Bihar.

langra

3 Chausa

Just when you realize that mango season is coming to an end, Chausa comes to your rescue by flooding the market. It is popular in North India and Bihar. They have a sweet pulp with bright yellow skin. They are exported from Pakistan to all over the world.

chausa

4 Kesar

When you enter the house and get the fragrance filled with mango, then there are fair chances that it is a Kesar aam. The smell of the aam is its most distinguishing feature, and its color resembles that of saffron. Its skin is greener as compared to other mangoes. It is grown in and around Ahmedabad, Gujarat.

kesar

5 Totapuri

Totapuri mango got its name because of its hooked tip which resembles a parrot’s beak. It is grown in Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and Tamil Nadu. It is not sweet but is great for making panna, salads, and especially pickles.

totapuri

6 Safeda

Safeda is grown in Central and Northern India. It gets its name from the pale color of its flesh. It is originally from Andhra Pradesh. Its skin has a bright yellow color and is sour in taste. They are fiberless.

safeda

7 Xavier

Xavier is a popular variety of mango from Goa. Nothing can beat Xavier when it comes to richness of flavor, color, and sweet-sour appeal.

xavier

8 Dussheri

Children love to call Dussheri aam as ‘chusne wala aam.’It is best enjoyed by tearing off the tip and sucking its sweet and juicy pulp. It can be softened by pressing it lightly with fingertips. It is a popular variety in Uttar Pradesh. It is one of the oldest mangoes in the country as it traces its roots back to the gardens of Nawab of Lucknow in the 18th Century.

dussheri

9 Mankurad and Musrad

Mankurad and Musrad are the local varieties of Mango grown in Goa. These mangoes start coming in April. Many people believe that even Alphonso couldn’t beat the Mankurad in its sweetness.

mankurad

10 Himsagar

Himsagar is available only in May. They are present in the shortest-lived season amongst all. They are fiberless and full of flesh. They taste best when added in milkshakes.

himsagar

11 Vadu Manga

Vadu Manga, also known as Mavadu is bite-sized raw mango which is available at the beginning of summer season in Southern India. They are often found in the wholesale markets.

vadu-manga

12 Alphonso

You must have heard about this variety of mango since childhood as it is known as the ‘king of mangoes.’ It is native to Maharashtra, also grown in Gujarat and parts of Madhya Pradesh and Karnataka. It is the most expensive variety of Indian mango and exported all across the world.

alphonso

13 Rataul

Rataul is a village in Baghpat district of Uttar Pradesh. It is a home to several varieties of mangoes. Out of all the varieties, Rataul is the star of the lot. It is yellowish rather orange in color and has a sweet fragrance.

rataul

14 Neelam

The most distinctive feature of Neelam is its lovely fragrance. It is available from May to July, and the tastiest ones come in June with the monsoons. They are favorite in Hyderabad though they are produced all over India. They have orange skin and are tiny as compared to other varieties.

neelam

15 Malgova

Malgova is known as the “Alphonso of South India” and has a large variety. It is a favorite in Tamil kitchen, and many rhymes of children are dedicated to it. According to the legend Hyder Ali, the ruler of Mysore had an orchard where Malgova mango weighted about 1.5 kg. It is a large round mango and has a light green color when it is riped. When the mangoes are fully riped, they could easily weigh up to two to three kilograms. They are available throughout the season from April to June. They can be used in desserts, juices, and even cut in slices.

malgova

16 Pairi

Pairi is a variety of mango that comes in May to June. They have a reddish tinge in its skin. They are not completely sweet but have a sour taste in its deliciousness. If kesar is not available, Pairi is used to make aamras in Gujarat.

pairi

17 Fazli Mango

Fazli Mango is popularly grown in the states of West Bengal and Bihar. It is a late maturing fruit. They are commonly used in pickles and jams. Each mango can go up to a kilogram when ripened. Malda district of West Bengal is the major producer of this variety.

fazli

18 Himayat

Himayat is grown in Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, and Telangana. It is a fruit of choice for the Indian royalty. It is not too attractive and is available in May and June. The weight of each mango can go up to 800 grams.

himayat

19 Mallika

Mallika Mango is a hybridization of mango varieties of Neelam and Dassheri. It was introduced by Dr. Anand Singh. The fruit is harvested from June to July.

mallika

20 Alampur

Alampur Beneshan is also known as Banishan. In Southern India, it is known as Seeri. It is ancestral to the mango variety Banganapalli.

alampur